Daira is an ancient Georgian percussion instrument that represents a wooden arch with stretched leather. Within the hoop there are hanged clanging things – slim and round small plates and bells. The ratio of height of the arch and the diameter of the sounding surface is 1/5. The hoop is encrusted by white and black bone. In many cases Rich families and good players decorated some Dairas with different kinds of ornaments.

Daira was widely used at weddings, holidays and in merriments. It is widely spread in the regions of East Georgia, Tusheti, Samegrelo and Racha. The function of the instrument is to accompany dances and to emphasize rhythm. Generally Daira is played by women during dancing. More than one Daira is not used during performance. Daira was often accompanied with multipipe wind instrument Soinari in the region of Samegrelo. In the region of Kakheti, it was accompanied with Panduri and Duduki. In Racha Daira is played during the play “Tskhenkatsoba”: two or three boys are playing, one of them bestrides and all of them are walking in the village and playing Daira.

Daira Samples